Cardiac resuscitation program (CPR) has undergone changes for past few years.

Almost in every new CPR guideline,  chest compression vs breathing ratio had changes many time.

It’s started with 5 compression with 1 breath in, then to 15:2,  30:2 and the latest is 60:2.

The latest CPR also change from airway-breathing-circulation to circulation-airway-breathing;

Extract from the executive summary of 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR & ECC stated that

“is a change in the basic life support (BLS) sequence of steps from “A-B-C” (Airway, Breathing, Chest compressions) to “C-A-B” (Chest compressions, Airway, Breathing) for adults and pediatric patients (children and infants, excluding newly borns).

Basic Life support (BLS) algorithm has also changes with  “Look, Listen and Feel” has been removed from the algorithm.

The new BLS algorithm


Full guideline can be assessed at this URL: